Your liver, as a toxin-filtering organ, performs a critical function in keeping you healthy. However, overworking it — through frequent drinking, chronic virus infections, or a long period of eating a poor diet — can cause it to acquire health problems. Here are some of the most frequent symptoms of liver failure, as well as some treatment options. If you’ve discovered any of these problems, you should consult a doctor or 肝病中醫推薦保肝寧.
1. Fluid retention
Cirrhosis, a condition in which scar tissue replaces good liver tissue, is the most prevalent symptom of liver illness, occurring in 50% of people.
The accumulation of fluid in the abdomen can induce distension and swell in the legs.
This happens when the blood pressure in your liver veins is too high or your liver is unable to manufacture albumin, a protein that prevents blood from seeping into tissue.
Treatment options: A low-sodium diet may help with mild fluid retention. If you have moderate-to-severe retention, your doctor may prescribe diuretics, popularly known as “water pills.”
Darker urine and a yellowish tinge to your skin or the whites of your eyes are symptoms of this illness. Bilirubin, a pigment produced when red blood cells break down, accumulates in your system, giving it a yellowish appearance. Bilirubin is absorbed and converted into bile by a healthy liver. It is then excreted in the faeces of your body.
Treatment options: Jaundice is a serious symptom of liver disease. If you have jaundice, your doctor may suggest a liver transplant.
The portal vein is where around 25% of your blood is cycled by your liver. Cirrhosis, on the other hand, makes it possible to bleed. You may vomit blood, have blood in your faeces, or experience rectal bleeding.
The flow through the liver is usually like travelling on a high-speed freeway — it’s really fast. However, if you have cirrhosis, the highway becomes a bumpy road or major traffic congestion as a result of scarring, and your blood seeks to find alternate routes.
These detours cause your spleen to expand as it tries to relieve the congestion. Varicose veins can grow in the oesophagus and stomach, and these enlarged veins can easily bleed.
Clotting proteins are produced by a healthy liver. A sick liver, on the other hand, is unable to do so, leading to more bleeding. Platelets are collected from your bloodstream by an enlarged spleen.
If your platelet count is low, you’re more likely to get nosebleeds and gum bleeding.
Treatment options: If you’re vomiting blood, get to the hospital right away. Your bleeding will be examined and stopped using an upper endoscopy. If the bleeding is severe, a stent may be used to join veins in and out of your liver and create a new blood flow conduit.
If your liver is still unable to filter toxins, they may reach your brain. The resulting disease, hepatic encephalopathy, can cause disorientation, memory problems, lethargy, and coma.
Treatment options: Lactulose, a laxative, is the conventional treatment. It binds to toxins in your colon and flushes them out, preventing them from entering your bloodstream.